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Vessel train operations will have impact on various safety aspects. They concern the safety aspects of the vessels as a platform, the safety of the crew working on board of these vessels and the safety of other vessels and waterway infrastructure. NOVIMAR will research these aspects.

Shipborne systems
Ships operating within a vessel train need to be equipped with systems that support this mode of operation. Critical is the command-, control- and communication system used to navigate and manoeuvre the ships. It needs to operate error free and must be protected against cyberattacks.

Other shipboard systems may also require additional safety modes. NOVIMAR will perform risk analysis to identify needed functions like: reliability, redundancy, monitoring of critical shipborne systems such as propulsion systems, and provisions for reconfiguration in case of loss of one of these systems.

Operating a vessel train will change certain operational procedures and tasks to be performed by the crews. To identify them, a task analysis and a human reliability assessment will be carried out, making use of expert opinion, full bridge mission simulation and other techniques. This will lead to insight in training and education needs.

Waterway operations
Operating a vessel train will require specific skills, experience and operational procedures to safely navigate the inland waterways and the coastal areas. Simulation will be carried out to assess and define theses aspects.

An important safety aspect is the danger coming from the necessary actions that must be taken by the vessel train in case of abnormal behaviour of the encountered vessels, unexpected river conditions or adverse weather.

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